Wooden greenhouses in Kenya is important for Food security is among the big four agendas in Kenya the race to achieve vision 2030.
Both the public and the private sector have come together to provide solutions to food security to feed the ever-growing population.
Incorporation of technology in agriculture has led to development of wooden greenhouses with an aim to achieve food security in Kenya.
Among the many research conducted in Kenya on alternative forms of farming, wooden greenhouses have turned out to be viable, pocket friendly to set up, and need minimum supervision at the same time harvest is maximized.
Although greenhouses have been in existence since the 1960s, traditional farming techniques are still largely used in different parts of the country.
Land resource has become limited and change in weather trends has impacted negatively on agriculture. Wooden greenhouses are made from timber frames that are treated then painted to prevent them from termite attacks.
Timber is commonly used to build wooden greenhouses because:
- it is readily available, easy to manipulate
- it’s ecofriendly
- mostly built from recycled materials.
8 meters by 30meters wooden greenhouses
Wooden greenhouse structure comes in different sizes depending on the farmer’s needs. The 8 meters by 30 meters greenhouse with an apex height of 4 meters to 5 meters.
The greenhouse incorporates up to 1000 seedlings of tomatoes or 800 capsicums and is supported by drip irrigation, a 1000 liter water tank, and a nursery.
8 meters by 15 meters wooden greenhouses
The 8 meters and 15 meters greenhouse with an apex height of 4 meters to 4.5 meters, will cost about KES 150,000 to construct.
The greenhouse equally incorporates up to 500 seedlings of tomatoes or 400 capsicums supported by drip irrigation, a 1000 liter water tank, and a nursery.
How wooden greenhouses are made in Kenya
The structure is covered by ultraviolet stabilized polymer films that have a lifespan of 3 to 6 years. The polythene is about 0.005mm thick. The design has high transmission and diffusion of light, it allows up to about 200mm of water and has high ultraviolet blocking or transmission depending on the plant grown.
Polythene is a material that takes decades to decompose hence it is durable, doesn’t corrode, and can withstand extreme temperatures. Drip irrigation is used in this setup.
It involves the use of perforated plastic pipes that are arranged in rows along with the greenhouse into the roots of the plant.
Impact of wooden greenhouses on farmers
- There is maximum output on produce per unit area compared to the traditional methods of farming.
- Wooden greenhouse ensures optimum usage of land,
- provides better supervision requires minimum human labor.
- The drip irrigation method applied uses little water which can be mixed with pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers. Diseases do not easily spread from one on-farm to another and plants grow in rows for easy harvesting.
Agriculture is both an art and a science. Wooden greenhouses are inexpensive to set up and maintain. Various types of equipment are required for ventilation purposes, timber that is not well treated gets eaten by termites or even rot and polythene canvas prevents natural pollination. The gases also emitted from the greenhouses have adverse effects on climate change.
On average, profits from greenhouses are higher than profits from open-field farmers.Mr wycliff onyango: client
The return on investments from greenhouses is the main drive to improve greenhouse technology. Although there is a positive attitude towards greenhouse technology among small and medium-scale farmers in Kenya, additional attention towards proper farming practices is needed to increase the uptake of greenhouses.
Greenscope horticulture has a wide ranges of quality wooden greenhouses in Kenya. We do construct small kitchen wooden greenhouses to Mega sizes for flower farms in Kenya , Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, South Sudan and Tanzania.