Wooden greenhouse in Kenya is important for Food security It is among the big four agendas in Kenyas’ race to achieve vision 2030.
Both the public and the private sector have come together to provide solutions to food shortages for the ever-growing population.
The incorporation of technology in agriculture has led to the development of greenhouses with an aim to achieve food security in Kenya.
Among the many research conducted in Kenya on alternative forms of farming, greenhouses have turned out to be viable, pocket friendly to set up, and harvests can be maximized.
Although greenhouses have been in existence since the 1960s, traditional farming techniques are still largely used in different parts of the country.
The land resource has become limited and change in weather trends has impacted agriculture negatively. Wooden greenhouses are made from timber frames that are treated and then painted to prevent them from termite attacks.
The greenhouse is inexpensive to set up and maintain. Various types of equipment are required for ventilation purposes, timber that is not well treated gets eaten by termites or even rot and polythene canvas prevents natural pollination. The gases also emitted from the greenhouses have adverse effects on climate change.
Timber is commonly used to build wooden greenhouses because:
- it is readily available, easy to manipulate
- it’s ecofriendly
- mostly built from recycled materials.
8 meters by 30 meters wooden greenhouses
Wooden greenhouse structure comes in different sizes depending on the farmer’s needs. The 8 meters by 30 meters greenhouse with an apex height of 4 meters to 5 meters.
The greenhouse incorporates up to 1000 seedlings of tomatoes or 800 capsicums and is supported by drip irrigation, a 1000 liter water tank, and a nursery.
8 meters by 15 meters wooden greenhouses
The 8 meters and 15 meters wooden greenhouse with an apex height of 4 meters to 4.5 meters, will cost about KES 150,000 to construct.
The greenhouse equally incorporates up to 500 seedlings of tomatoes or 400 capsicums supported by drip irrigation, a 1000 liter water tank, and a nursery.
How wooden greenhouses are made in Kenya
Wooden greenhouse is covered by ultraviolet stabilized polymer films that have a lifespan of 3 to 6 years. The polythene is about 0.005mm thick. The design has high transmission and diffusion of light, it allows up to about 200mm of water and has high ultraviolet blocking or transmission depending on the plant grown.
Polythene is a material that takes decades to decompose hence it is durable, doesn’t corrode, and can withstand extreme temperatures. Drip irrigation is used in this setup.
It involves the use of perforated plastic pipes that are arranged in rows along with the greenhouse into the roots of the plant.
Impact of wooden greenhouses on farmers
- There is maximum output on produce per unit area compared to the traditional methods of farming.
- Wooden greenhouse ensures optimum usage of the land.
- Not labor-intensive.
- The drip irrigation method applied uses little water which can be mixed with pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers. Diseases do not easily spread from one on-farm to another and plants grow in rows for easy harvesting.
On average, profits from greenhouses are higher than profits from open-field farmers.Mr wycliff onyango: client
The return on investments from greenhouses is the main drive to improve greenhouse technology. Although there is a positive attitude toward greenhouse technology among small and medium-scale farmers in Kenya, additional attention to proper farming practices is needed to increase the uptake of greenhouses.
Greenscope horticulture has a wide range of quality wooden greenhouses in Kenya. We do construct small kitchen wooden greenhouses to Mega sizes for flower farms in Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, South Sudan, and Tanzania.